He was a man about town who also read eagerly in all fields of knowledge, and took part enthusiastically in military expeditions in Spain and the Azores. He was charming, full of intelligence and wit, and had all the reasons in the world to expect success at court and promotion in civil service under Elizabeth.
He is known as the founder of the Metaphysical Poetsa term created by Samuel Johnson, an eighteenth-century English essayist, poet, and philosopher.
The Metaphysical Poets are known for their ability to startle the reader and coax new perspective through paradoxical images, subtle argument, inventive syntax, and imagery from art, philosophy, and religion using an extended metaphor known as a conceit.
Donne reached beyond the rational and hierarchical structures of the seventeenth century with his exacting and ingenious conceits, advancing the exploratory spirit of his time.
Donne entered the world during a period of theological and political unrest for both England and France; a Protestant massacre occurred on Saint Bartholomew's day in France; while in England, the Catholics were the persecuted minority. Born into a Roman Catholic family, Donne's personal relationship with religion was tumultuous and passionate, and at the center of much of his poetry.
He studied at both Oxford and Cambridge Universities in his early teen years. He did not take a degree at either school, because to do so would have meant subscribing to the Thirty-nine Articles, the doctrine that defined Anglicanism.
At age twenty he studied law at Lincoln's Inn.
Two years later he succumbed to religious pressure and joined the Anglican Church after his younger brother, convicted for his Catholic loyalties, died in prison. Donne wrote most of his love lyrics, erotic verse, and some sacred poems in the s, creating two major volumes of work: Inafter returning from a two-year naval expedition against Spain, Donne was appointed private secretary to Sir Thomas Egerton.
Donne's father-in-law disapproved of the marriage. As punishment, he did not provide a dowry for the couple and had Donne briefly imprisoned. This left the couple isolated and dependent on friends, relatives, and patrons.
It is a good author if the reader recognizes the original style from the initial few lines of the story/poem, and every student has a chance to become a world-known artist if he masters how to write a . The Flea John Donne English Literature Essay. Derek Watson. EN "The Flea" – John Donne. John Donne’s poem, "The Flea" is a complex yet simple explanation of a desire for sex. The speaker uses a flea as an argument as to why his beloved should engage in the sexual act. Donne's status in the canon of English literature was consolidated in the twentieth century when major critics—including T. S. Eliot, Lionel Trilling, and Cleanth Brooks—acknowledged Donne's ability to capture the human experience in poetry.
Donne suffered social and financial instability in the years following his marriage, exacerbated by the birth of many children.
He continued to write and published the Divine Poems in In Pseudo-Martyr, published inDonne displayed his extensive knowledge of the laws of the Church and state, arguing that Roman Catholics could support James I without compromising their faith.
InJames I pressured him to enter the Anglican Ministry by declaring that Donne could not be employed outside of the Church. He was appointed Royal Chaplain later that year.
The Holy Sonnets are also attributed to this phase of his life. Inhe became dean of Saint Paul's Cathedral.
In his later years, Donne's writing reflected his fear of his inevitable death. He wrote his private prayers, Devotions upon Emergent Occasions, during a period of severe illness and published them in His learned, charismatic, and inventive preaching made him a highly influential presence in London.
Best known for his vivacious, compelling style and thorough examination of mortal paradox, John Donne died in London on March 31, The best and most essential poems by John Donne () John Donne’s poetry is a curious mix of contradictions.
At once spiritual and metaphysical, it is also deeply embedded in the physicality of bodies: love as a physical, corporeal experience as well as a spiritual high. John Carey, John Donne: Life, Mind and Art (New York: Oxford University Press, ).
Dwight Cathcart, Doubting Conscience: Donne and the Poetry of Moral Argument (Ann Arbor: University of . John Donne () was the most outstanding of the English Metaphysical Poets and a churchman famous for his spellbinding sermons.
Donne was born in London to a prominent Roman Catholic family but converted to Anglicanism during the s. At the age of 11 he entered the University of Oxford, where he studied for three years.
Donne's mother married Dr. John Syminges, a wealthy widower with three children, a few months after Donne's father died. Donne thus acquired a stepfather. Two more of his sisters, Mary and Katherine, died in Genre: Satire, love poetry, elegy, sermons. Donne's status in the canon of English literature was consolidated in the twentieth century when major critics—including T.
S. Eliot, Lionel Trilling, and Cleanth Brooks—acknowledged Donne's ability to capture the human experience in poetry. John Donne, Selected Poems Hardcover – If you're looking for an introduction to Donne's poetry, this is a great place to start.
What I like best about the Dover Thrift Editions in general, this price included, is that they are the most affordable new books out there! Without a good grounding in the life of his times, Donne can Reviews: