But what about coronary artery disease? Is there a difference? The short answer is often no — health professionals frequently use the terms interchangeably. View an illustration of coronary arteries.
Risk factors Risk factors for developing heart disease include: Aging increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened heart muscle.
Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease.
However, women's risk increases after menopause. A family history of heart disease increases your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age before age 55 for a male relative, such as your brother or father, and 65 for a female relative, such as your mother or sister.
Nicotine constricts your blood vessels, and carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining, making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers.
Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy for cancer. Some chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapies may increase the Cardio vascular disease of cardiovascular disease.
A diet that's high in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol can contribute to the development of heart disease. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows.
High blood cholesterol levels. High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of formation of plaques and atherosclerosis. Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease. Both conditions share similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure.
Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors. Lack of exercise also is associated with many forms of heart disease and some of its other risk factors, as well.
Unrelieved stress may damage your arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease. Not regularly washing your hands and not establishing other habits that can help prevent viral or bacterial infections can put you at risk of heart infections, especially if you already have an underlying heart condition.
Poor dental health also may contribute to heart disease. Complications Complications of heart disease include: One of the most common complications of heart disease, heart failure occurs when your heart can't pump enough blood to meet your body's needs.
Heart failure can result from many forms of heart disease, including heart defects, cardiovascular disease, valvular heart disease, heart infections or cardiomyopathy.
A blood clot blocking the blood flow through a blood vessel that feeds the heart causes a heart attack, possibly damaging or destroying a part of the heart muscle. Atherosclerosis can cause a heart attack. The risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disease also can lead to an ischemic stroke, which happens when the arteries to your brain are narrowed or blocked so that too little blood reaches your brain.
A stroke is a medical emergency — brain tissue begins to die within just a few minutes of a stroke. A serious complication that can occur anywhere in your body, an aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of your artery. If an aneurysm bursts, you may face life-threatening internal bleeding.
Atherosclerosis also can lead to peripheral artery disease. When you develop peripheral artery disease, your extremities — usually your legs — don't receive enough blood flow. This causes symptoms, most notably leg pain when walking claudication. Sudden cardiac arrest is the sudden, unexpected loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness, often caused by an arrhythmia.
Sudden cardiac arrest is a medical emergency. If not treated immediately, it is fatal, resulting in sudden cardiac death. Prevention Certain types of heart disease, such as heart defects, can't be prevented. However, you can help prevent many other types of heart disease by making the same lifestyle changes that can improve your heart disease, such as: Quit smoking Control other health conditions, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes Exercise at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week Eat a diet that's low in salt and saturated fat Maintain a healthy weight.Heart disease and stroke are preventable, yet they remain leading causes of death, disability, and health care spending in the United States.
Alarmingly, in , more than , of these life-changing cardiovascular events happened to adults ages 35– Heart and blood vessel disease is called cardiovascular disease or heart disease.
It includes various problems that are directly related to a process called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a. Heart (cardiovascular) disease (CVD, heart disease) is a variety of types of conditions that affect the heart, for example, coronary or valvular heart disease; cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, and heart infections.
Symptoms of heart disease include chest pain, sweating, nausea, and shortness of breath. Apr 13, · What is coronary heart disease?
What is coronary artery disease? The American Heart Association explains the sometimes confusing terms CAD and CHD, the causes of CAD, risk factors for coronary artery disease, and how to prevent coronary artery disease or CAD.
May 30, · Cardiovascular disease can refer to a number of conditions: Heart disease. Heart and blood vessel disease (also called heart disease) includes numerous problems, many of which are related to a process called atherosclerosis..
Atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. Cardiovascular disease is a group of problems that occur when the heart and blood vessels aren't working the way they should. Here are some of the problems that go along with cardiovascular disease.