Management Principles Final Exam Under Theory X, managers believe that their subordinates dislike work because they would rather be leaders than followers. The ability to view a situation broadly and solve problems to the benefits of all concerned is a conceptual skill.
This function involves the following: Organising involves the steps specified below: So it focuses on manpower planning, procurement, training and development appraisal and remuneration of workers—since every manager is concerned with management of human resources he has to perform the staffing function.
The steps in staffing function are: Directing is the interpersonal aspect of management process. This facilitates the employees to understand and contribute effectively and efficiently to the accomplishment of organisational objectives. It is the direction function of management which is related to the activities that deal directly with influencing, guiding, supervising and motivating the people in the organisation for the attainment of objectives.
The steps in directing are: It is a two-way process of creating understanding between employees and management. The object is to facilitate effective performance.
It is defined as the process by which a manager guides and influences the behaviour of his subordinates. This means inspiring the subordinates with a zeal to perform and accomplish organisational objectives.
It is process of indoctrinating the personnel with unity of purpose and the need to maintain continuous harmonious relationship. Controlling is evaluation function of management. In this function performance is to be compared with plans with the object of knowing that performance is in the desired direction or not.
It envisages a system that not only provides a historical record what has happened to the business and tries pin-point the reasons why it has happened and provides the information needed for corrective action. The steps in controlling are: Term Paper Topic 3.
The principles of management advocated by Henri Fayol are generally accepted as principles of management. The principles prescribed by him are flexible and capable of adaptation to every need. The principles are listed below: This means division of work among various individuals in the organisation to bring about specialisation in every activity.
The merits of specialisation are: It increases efficiency; it avoids waste of time and effort. Its main demerit is that when carried too far it leads to loss of skill and craftsmanship of the employee and makes the job monotonous and less interesting. Authority is the right or power to give orders to the subordinates.
Responsibility means the duty which the subordinate is expected to perform by virtue of his position in the organisation. This is expressed in terms of functions or in terms of objectives. This is needed for successful functioning of every organisation.
This means respecting of rules and regulations of the organisation. Fayol states that discipline means obedience, application, energy and outward marks of respect. This is a must for the smooth running of the organisation.
This depends upon the quality of leadership, clear and fair agreements between employer and employee. This principle emphasises that a subordinate is to receive orders from one superior only.
One cannot serve two masters as dual command is a permanent source of conflict. Further discipline will be in jeopardy, order is disturbed and stability is threatened. The merits of this principle are: This means one head and one plan for group activities having the same objectives.
It is an essential condition for unity of action, co-ordination of strength and focussing of efforts. This is needed for designing the organisation structure and its smooth functioning. This will facilitate achievement of objectives and avoids unnecessary duplication of efforts.
In every organisation the management and employees have their own interests. These interests should call for reconciliation of objectives and they should not conflict with one another. They have to sub-ordinate their interests to the general interests of the organisation.
Employees are to be remunerated fully for their services rendered in the organisation.BUS - Management Principles, Term Paper Joseph Halisky 13 April Col. T. Stauffacher This course, in its entirety, taught the lessons of Henri Fayol’s Management Principles and Stauffacher’s Leadership Context and Principles.
Management Term Paper Topics. By Lauren Bradshaw. December 10, Total Quality Management 3. Project Management Principles 4. Information Technology in Business Management 5. Strategic Management 6. Operations Management 7. Financial Management for human service administrators 8.
Time Management. Term Paper on Project Risk Management Words | 60 Pages. CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder needs and expectations from a project.
Term Paper Topic # 1. Meaning of Management.
Management is an essential ingredient of all organised human activity. All modern organisations relied on organised endeavour for their success.
- Management and Operations Management Theory ABSTRACT This paper defines the four functions of management and the operations management theory. It then provides an analysis of how the functions of management the operations management.
Principles of Management Research Paper Starter. Homework Help. Principles of Management (Research Starters) At higher levels, decisions are focused on long-term goals of the company.