Structure[ edit ] The novel is divided into six parts, with an epilogue. The notion of "intrinsic duality" in Crime and Punishment has been commented upon, with the suggestion that there is a degree of symmetry to the book. The first half of the novel shows the progressive death of the first ruling principle of his character; the last half, the progressive birth of the new ruling principle.
Beginning Summary Principles The following is an initial summary of crime and punishment. It is largely taken from the source cited at the end with some comments of my own. Perhaps, no area of ethics or worldview has been so neglected by modern Christians that the area of crime and punishment except perhaps by theonomists.
The book by Vern Poythress, cited below, is by far the most extensive of which I am aware. Robertson McQuilkin, in his comprehensive book on Biblical ethics, also addresses the issues of Crime and Punishment pages See Our Bookstore to obtain this book.
An act which violates a law, divine or human; an act which violates a rule of moral duty; an offense against the laws of right, prescribed by God or man, or against any rule of duty plainly implied in those laws. A crime may consist in omission or neglect, as well as in commission, or positive transgression.
The commander of a fortress who suffers the enemy to take possession by neglect, is as really criminal, as one who voluntarily opens the gates without resistance.
But in a more common and restricted sense, a crime denotes an offense, or violation of public law, of a deeper and more atrocious nature; a public wrong; or a violation of the commands of God, and the offenses against the laws made to preserve the public rights; as treason, murder, robbery, theft, arson, etc.
The minor wrongs committed against individuals or private rights, are denominated trespasses, and the minor wrongs against public rights are called misdemeanors. Crimes and misdemeanors are punishable by indictment, information or public prosecution; trespasses or private injuries, at the suit of the individuals injured.
But in many cases an act is considered both as a public offense and a trespass, and is punishable both by the public and the individual injured. However, there is also a danger in the opposite direction.
We could try to ignore questions of principle entirely, and without reflection apply the Mosaic law in a slavish, wooden way. Henry, Aspects of Christian Social Ethics, page 1. Crimes defined by the state are not always sinful acts.
Thus, any crime, if a sinful act see 1 aboveis also a sin against God. Just punishment for crimes must reflect the ultimate example of love, mercy, and punishment that God demonstrated in the sacrificial death of Jesus Christ.
No sin will go unpunished by God Himself except for those forgiven in Jesus Christ. A convicted murder who is sentenced to capital punishment who is, or has become, a Christian is still subject to that sentence of death.
Parents chasten their children. All governments of the past also derive their authority from God. The government is on His shoulders. He will eventually put all enemies under His feet. In fulfilling its responsibilities, the state must not insist on attaining divine perfection….
For exampleMoses indicates that two witnesses are necessary for conviction Numbers Yet, God has instructed that witnesses in the due process of law is sufficient for capital punishment.
If God trusts man to execute capital punishment, then Christians who argue against capital punishment because of the possibility that the accused may be innocent, even though he was convicted by due process, are arguing against God Himself.
Of course, here we are speaking of civil offenses, and not those of which God clearly requires the state to prosecute, for example, rape and murder.
The thief who learns honest work in the process of being forced to pay may learn the value of honest work…. But according to modern humanism, retribution is barbarous….
In reality, rehabilitation becomes a code-word for unlimited bondage.
Just Penalties for Many Crimes Chapter Crime and Punishment, a Biblical Perspective Excerpted from Stephen McDowell’s book “ Crime and Punishment, A Biblical Perspective.” Originally published on The Providence Foundation.
Home Crime and Punishment – A Christian View of Dostoevsky’s Classic Novel, May 1, November 6, Michael Gleghorn looks at the famous novel through a Christian worldview lens to see what truths Dostoevsky may have for us.
Crime and Punishment, a Biblical Perspective Excerpted from Stephen McDowell’s book “ Crime and Punishment, A Biblical Perspective.” . Crime and Punishment is written from a third-person omniscient perspective.
It is focalized primarily from the point of view of Raskolnikov; however, it does at times switch to the perspective of Svidrigailov, Razumikhin, Peter Petrovich, or Dunya. Crime is rampant throughout the world and Antigua is no exception.
Different countries combat crime in different ways with varying degrees of success. To properly deal with crime in society, we must first understand what causes crime.
The Bible teaches that crime is caused by evil in men’s hearts. Biblical Ethics, see Our Bookstore) lists four purposes of civil justice in response to crime, also. He names three of the same as Poythress: rehabilitation, deterrence, and punishment (punitive). He names three of the same as Poythress: rehabilitation, deterrence, and punishment (punitive).